A disk cache object is a key-value store that saves the values as files in a
directory on disk. Objects can be stored and retrieved using the
set() methods. Objects are automatically pruned from the cache according to
cache_disk( dir = NULL, max_size = 1024 * 1024^2, max_age = Inf, max_n = Inf, evict = c("lru", "fifo"), destroy_on_finalize = FALSE, missing = key_missing(), prune_rate = 20, warn_ref_objects = FALSE, logfile = NULL )
Directory to store files for the cache. If
Maximum size of the cache, in bytes. If the cache exceeds
this size, cached objects will be removed according to the value of the
Maximum age of files in cache before they are evicted, in
Maximum number of objects in the cache. If the number of objects
exceeds this value, then cached objects will be removed according to the
The eviction policy to use to decide which objects are removed
when a cache pruning occurs. Currently,
A value to return when
How often to prune the cache. See section Cache Pruning for more information.
Should a warning be emitted when a reference is stored in the cache? This can be useful because serializing and deserializing a reference object (such as environments and external pointers) can lead to unexpected behavior.
A disk caching object, with class
missing parameter controls what happens when
get() is called with a
key that is not in the cache (a cache miss). The default behavior is to
key_missing() object. This is a sentinel value that indicates
that the key was not present in the cache. You can test if the returned
value represents a missing key by using the
You can also have
get() return a different sentinel value, like
If you want to throw an error on a cache miss, you can do so by providing
an expression for
missing, as in
missing = stop("Missing key").
When the cache is created, you can supply a value for
missing, which sets
the default value to be returned for missing values. It can also be
get() is called, by supplying a
missing argument. For
example, if you use
cache$get("mykey", missing = NULL), it will return
NULL if the key is not in the cache.
missing parameter is actually an expression which is evaluated each
time there is a cache miss. A quosure (from the rlang package) can be used.
Cache pruning occurs when
set() is called, or it can be invoked manually
The disk cache will throttle the pruning so that it does not happen on
every call to
set(), because the filesystem operations for checking the
status of files can be slow. Instead, it will prune once in every
prune_rate calls to
set(), or if at least 5 seconds have elapsed since
the last prune occurred, whichever is first.
When a pruning occurs, if there are any objects that are older than
max_age, they will be removed.
max_n parameters are applied to the cache as a whole,
in contrast to
max_age, which is applied to each object individually.
If the number of objects in the cache exceeds
max_n, then objects will be
removed from the cache according to the eviction policy, which is set with
evict parameter. Objects will be removed so that the number of items
If the size of the objects in the cache exceeds
max_size, then objects
will be removed from the cache. Objects will be removed from the cache so
that the total size remains under
max_size. Note that the size is
calculated using the size of the files, not the size of disk space used by
the files --- these two values can differ because of files are stored in
blocks on disk. For example, if the block size is 4096 bytes, then a file
that is one byte in size will take 4096 bytes on disk.
Another time that objects can be removed from the cache is when
called. If the target object is older than
max_age, it will be removed
and the cache will report it as a missing value.
max_size are used, then objects will be removed from the
cache according to an eviction policy. The available eviction policies are:
Least Recently Used. The least recently used objects will be removed.
This uses the filesystem's mtime property. When "lru" is used, each
get() is called, it will update the file's mtime.
First-in-first-out. The oldest objects will be removed.
Both of these policies use files' mtime. Note that some filesystems (notably FAT) have poor mtime resolution. (atime is not used because support for atime is worse than mtime.)
The directory for a cache_disk can be shared among multiple R processes. To do this, each R process should have a cache_disk object that uses the same directory. Each cache_disk will do pruning independently of the others, so if they have different pruning parameters, then one cache_disk may remove cached objects before another cache_disk would do so.
Even though it is possible for multiple processes to share a cache_disk directory, this should not be done on networked file systems, because of slow performance of networked file systems can cause problems. If you need a high-performance shared cache, you can use one built on a database like Redis, SQLite, mySQL, or similar.
When multiple processes share a cache directory, there are some potential
race conditions. For example, if your code calls
exists(key) to check if
an object is in the cache, and then call
get(key), the object may be
removed from the cache in between those two calls, and
throw an error. Instead of calling the two functions, it is better to
get(key), and check that the returned object is not a
key_missing() object, using
is.key_missing(). This effectively tests
for existence and gets the object in one operation.
It is also possible for one processes to prune objects at the same time
that another processes is trying to prune objects. If this happens, you may
see a warning from
file.remove() failing to remove a file that has
already been deleted.
A disk cache object has the following methods:
Returns the value associated with
key. If the key is not in the
cache, then it evaluates the expression specified by
returns the value. If
missing is specified here, then it will
override the default that was set when the
cache_mem object was
created. See section Missing Keys for more information.
value pair in the cache.
TRUE if the cache contains the key, otherwise
Returns the number of items currently in the cache.
Returns a character vector of all keys currently in the cache.
Clears all objects from the cache.
Clears all objects in the cache, and removes the cache directory from disk.
Prunes the cache, using the parameters specified by